Gender

Women are vital to the sustainability of mountain communities and play a prominent role in agricultural production, resource management and the household. Many women in mountain regions have more freedom of movement, independence in decision-making and higher status than women in lowland areas. But this higher status is at risk.

Mainstream pressures to adopt national cultures now threaten to undermine the central role of women by relegating them to the home and to domestic chores. While women share agricultural and livestock tasks fairly evenly with men, the workload of mountain women is intensified by a number of factors in mountainous regions, including a limited access to resources, an outmigration of men who seek work in lowland areas and environmental degradation.

The survival of mountain communities requires the absence of men for trading and herding purposes. During these periods, women maintain the farm and household and participate in small trade and income-earning activities. Women seldom hold ownership and tenure rights to land, trees, water and other natural resources. Mountain women’s lack of control over productive resources and of a formal control of land means they cannot raise collateral for bank loans, and hampers efforts to improve or expand their farm activities and earn cash incomes.

Since females often have less access to household resources, women and girls are at greater risk of hunger and poor nutrition. The result is growing outmigration, food deficits and incidences of trafficking of mountain women into lowland and urban centres. Moreover in most cases, mountain women also have only limited access to health care and education and are prevented from full participation in politics because of their lack of education in addition to their heavy workload.

Transnational Working Table 1

Transnational Working Table 1

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The first of two workshops on the results of projects in mountainous European countries and on the development of the Alps will allow participants to share knowledge and experiences on Alpine Space Projects. The meeting will also discuss WikiAlps, an encyclopaedia-like online platform, and its potential use in policy design...

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Multimedia on policy recommendations for SMD in the Andes

Multimedia on policy recommendations for SMD in the Andes

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During the Regional Workshop Post-Rio +20 "Sustainable Mountain Development: Building the future we need" held on November 12-14 in Lima, Peru, the Consortium for Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion (CONDESAN) launched a multimedia which containing key information and policy recommendations for sustainable mountain development in the Andes.

The...

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Bhutan+10: Gender and Sustainable Mountain Development in a Changing World

Bhutan+10: Gender and Sustainable Mountain Development in a Changing World

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Some 170 policy makers, researchers and development practitioners from 27 countries came together for the government of Bhutan’s international conference on gender and sustainable mountain development in October. The conference, Bhutan+10: Gender and Sustainable Mountain Development in a Changing World, came a decade after Bhutan organized a global event entitled...

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Mountain Women in a post-Rio+20 world

Mountain Women in a post-Rio+20 world

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Mountain women will come under the spotlight in October as the government of Bhutan holds an international conference on gender and sustainable mountain development.

The conference, Bhutan+10: Gender and Sustainable Mountain Development in a Changing World, is being organized in the context of the Mountain Partnership with key support from the...

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The Mountain Partnership

The Mountain Partnership

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The Mountain Partnership is a United Nations voluntary alliance of partners dedicated to improving the lives of mountain people and protecting mountain environments around the world.

The partnership addresses the challenges facing mountain regions by tapping the wealth and diversity of resources, knowledge, information and expertise, from and between...

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Rio+20 and Women’s Lives: a Cross-generational Dialogue

Rio+20 and Women’s Lives: a Cross-generational Dialogue

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The Ford Foundation will hold “Rio+20 and Women’s Lives: a Cross-generational Dialogue”, a side event to be held on 20 June 2012, in Rio de Janeiro. At the press briefing, co-sponsored by the Center for Environment and Population (CEP), the Climate Wise Women and the Columbia University Coalition...

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