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Food security in mountains


A current analysis of hunger in mountainous areas

About 39 percent of the mountain population in developing countries, or 329 million people, is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity: that means one of every three mountain dwellers says a recent FAO/Mountain Partnership Secretariat study. When only rural areas are considered, this figure increases to one out of every two. During the period 2000-2012 despite food insecurity had decreased at global level, it has increased in mountain areas.

These alarming statistics give voice to the plight of mountain peoples. They send a clear message to policy-makers on the importance of including mountains in their development agendas that should focus on alleviating the harsh living conditions of mountain communities and reducing the outmigration from mountain areas.

The study revealed a 30 percent increase in the number of mountain people vulnerable to food insecurity from 2000 to 2012, while the mountain population increased by only 16 percent.

The FAO 2015 Mountain Vulnerability Model

The model estimates the availability of calories in rural mountain regions, considering the production rate of agricultural areas as an average of the yields of six main mountain crops (beans, cassava, maize, potatoes, rice and wheat). It also includes information on food quality by estimating the availability of proteins from beef meat, cow milk, sheep meat, sheep milk, goat meat, goat milk, pig meat, chicken meat and eggs. People having access to less than 1 370 kcal and 14 g of animal protein per day are considered to be at risk of food insecurity as those thresholds are taken as survival requirements in the event that other foods are not available. 

Household surveys: another tool to measure hunger

Household surveys allow for a more integrated assessment of vulnerability to food insecurity as they encompass a wide range of factors like water quality, sanitation facilities and road networks, in addition to crop and livestock availability. Thanks to the information on the vital statistics of the sample, it is possible to estimate the vulnerability to food insecurity by gender, age, education and much more. Household surveys allow also the precise localization of vulnerability hot spots, which, in turn, can facilitate the targeting of policy interventions.

Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity

Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity

publication

For millions of people living in mountainous areas, hunger and the threat of hunger are nothing new. Harsh climates and the difficult, often inaccessible terrain, combined with political and social marginality make mountain peoples vulnerable to food shortages.

One in three mountain people in developing countries is facing hunger and malnutrition.

This...

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Mountain course focuses on food security

Mountain course focuses on food security

news

Twenty-four participants from 22 countries on three continents took part in the eighth edition of  the International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas (IPROMO) from 24 June to 3 July 2015. The course was organized by the Mountain Partnership Secretariat, the University of...

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MP member wins sustainability award

MP member wins sustainability award

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On June 2015, Fundación Cordillera Tropical (FCT) won the 2015 National Energy Globe Award for Ecuador in recognition of its commitment to creating sustainable livelihoods in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Energy Globe, the world award for sustainability, recognized FCT's program to promote pasture restoration on private land bordering Sangay National Park...

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Linking food security to mountains

Linking food security to mountains

peak to peak

Issue 82 – Month 7 – Year 2015

The July issue of the Peak to Peak opens with a story about the eighth edition of the annual International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain areas (IPROMO) which is focusing on the food security in...

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L’agriculture de montagne est une agriculture familiale

L’agriculture de montagne est une agriculture familiale

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L’agriculture de montagne prend des formes aussi variées que les innombrables paysages de montagne du monde, même si elle reste majoritairement le fait d’exploitants familiaux. Historiquement, l’agriculture de montagne était principalement une agriculture de subsistance. Aujourd’hui, les activités des exploitations de montagne sont de plus en plus orientées vers les...

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A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

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The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) reflects its key achievements in promoting sustainable mountain development (SMD) in its 2014 annual report. Using mountain climbing as an analogy to facing SMD challenges, the annual report outlines its work in advocacy, communication and knowledge management, promoting International Mountain Day, brokering joint action and...

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