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Food security in mountains


A current analysis of hunger in mountainous areas

About 39 percent of the mountain population in developing countries, or 329 million people, is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity: that means one of every three mountain dwellers says a recent FAO/Mountain Partnership Secretariat study. When only rural areas are considered, this figure increases to one out of every two. During the period 2000-2012 despite food insecurity had decreased at global level, it has increased in mountain areas.

These alarming statistics give voice to the plight of mountain peoples. They send a clear message to policy-makers on the importance of including mountains in their development agendas that should focus on alleviating the harsh living conditions of mountain communities and reducing the outmigration from mountain areas.

The study revealed a 30 percent increase in the number of mountain people vulnerable to food insecurity from 2000 to 2012, while the mountain population increased by only 16 percent.

The FAO 2015 Mountain Vulnerability Model

The model estimates the availability of calories in rural mountain regions, considering the production rate of agricultural areas as an average of the yields of six main mountain crops (beans, cassava, maize, potatoes, rice and wheat). It also includes information on food quality by estimating the availability of proteins from beef meat, cow milk, sheep meat, sheep milk, goat meat, goat milk, pig meat, chicken meat and eggs. People having access to less than 1 370 kcal and 14 g of animal protein per day are considered to be at risk of food insecurity as those thresholds are taken as survival requirements in the event that other foods are not available. 

Household surveys: another tool to measure hunger

Household surveys allow for a more integrated assessment of vulnerability to food insecurity as they encompass a wide range of factors like water quality, sanitation facilities and road networks, in addition to crop and livestock availability. Thanks to the information on the vital statistics of the sample, it is possible to estimate the vulnerability to food insecurity by gender, age, education and much more. Household surveys allow also the precise localization of vulnerability hot spots, which, in turn, can facilitate the targeting of policy interventions.

Fifth Global Meeting of the Mountain Partnership

Fifth Global Meeting of the Mountain Partnership

event

The Fifth Global Meeting of the Mountain Partnership (MP) will take place 21-22 October in Mbale, Uganda. This Global Meeting, three years after the last one, which took place in Erzurum, Turkey, will provide members with an opportunity to discuss delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals, which include three mountain-related targets,...

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Submissions for UN report on mountains

Submissions for UN report on mountains

news

The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) is currently compiling summaries of the most important results of mountain development activities since July 2013 for the United Nations Secretary General (UNSG) Report on Sustainable Mountain Development.

Now requested every three years, the MPS and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations,...

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Our Journey in 2015: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

Our Journey in 2015: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

publication

The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) outlines its key achievements in promoting sustainable mountain development (SMD) in its 2015 annual report. The annual report describes the Secretariat’s work in advocacy, communication and knowledge management, promoting International Mountain Day, brokering joint action and leading capacity development initiatives. One of the its most...

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FAO meeting discusses hunger in the mountains

FAO meeting discusses hunger in the mountains

news

The findings of the report, “Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity”, were presented during an event at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) headquarters on 24 February 2016. Moderated by René Castro Salazar, FAO Forestry Assistant Director-General, the meeting was an...

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Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity

Mapping the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food insecurity

publication

For millions of people living in mountainous areas, hunger and the threat of hunger are nothing new. Harsh climates and the difficult, often inaccessible terrain, combined with political and social marginality make mountain peoples vulnerable to food shortages.

One in three mountain people in developing countries is facing hunger and malnutrition.

This...

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Mountain course focuses on food security

Mountain course focuses on food security

news

Twenty-four participants from 22 countries on three continents took part in the eighth edition of  the International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas (IPROMO) from 24 June to 3 July 2015. The course was organized by the Mountain Partnership Secretariat, the University of...

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