Food security in mountains


About 40 percent of the mountain population in developing and transition countries, or nearly 300 million people, are estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity. Of these, nearly 90 percent live in rural areas and almost half of those are likely to be chronically hungry.

In  mountain areas across the world,  livelihoods are based on many different sources, including farming, animal husbandry, forestry,  fishing and tourism.  These diversified activities contribute to building resilience and absorbing shocks.

Harsh climates and the difficult, often inaccessible terrain combined with political and social marginality make mountain peoples vulnerable to food shortages. Traditionally, mountain diets were, in general, very balanced, providing all needed nutrients. Due to gloablization and changes in lifestyle, diets are now often limited to starch foods and characterized by low dietary diversity which leads to low levels of micronutrients. Lack of access to basic health services increases the risk of illness, already exacerbated by malnutrition. Infant mortality and maternal mortality rate in mountains are also higher than in the lowlands. Many male mountain dwellersleave mountain areas in search of permanent or seasonable employment. Through remittances they contribute to household economies, which has become an integral part of the livelihood system.

Even though mountains often house freshwater, agrobiodiversity and livestock that can contribute to food security, for millions of people who live in mountain areas, hunger and the threat of hunger is a daily reality. Hunger and malnutrition are not merely a symptom of poverty in mountain communities – they contribute to perpetuate poverty. Policies must foster equitable growth, employment, social protection, infrastructure and investments to ensure that both poverty and hunger in mountains are eradicated.

A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

publication

The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) reflects its key achievements in promoting sustainable mountain development (SMD) in its 2014 annual report. Using mountain climbing as an analogy to facing SMD challenges, the annual report outlines its work in advocacy, communication and knowledge management, promoting International Mountain Day, brokering joint action and...

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Summer course on food security in mountains

Summer course on food security in mountains

peak to peak

Issue 79 – Month 4 – Year 2015

The April issue of Peak to Peak reveals that this year’s International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas, or IPROMO course, will focus on food security in mountain areas, and be held in Ormea and...

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Transnational Working Table 1

Transnational Working Table 1

event

The first of two workshops on the results of projects in mountainous European countries and on the development of the Alps will allow participants to share knowledge and experiences on Alpine Space Projects. The meeting will also discuss WikiAlps, an encyclopaedia-like online platform, and its potential use in policy design...

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Multimedia on policy recommendations for SMD in the Andes

Multimedia on policy recommendations for SMD in the Andes

news

During the Regional Workshop Post-Rio +20 "Sustainable Mountain Development: Building the future we need" held on November 12-14 in Lima, Peru, the Consortium for Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion (CONDESAN) launched a multimedia which containing key information and policy recommendations for sustainable mountain development in the Andes.

The...

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Eighth Session of the UNECA Committee on Food Security and Sustainable Development (CFSSD-8)

Eighth Session of the UNECA Committee on Food Security and Sustainable Development (CFSSD-8)

event

The UN Economic Commission for Africa's Food Security and Sustainable Development programme aims to strengthen the capacity of Member States to design and implement policies and programmes to reinforce linkages between food security, population, environment and human settlements so as to achieve sustainable development. This meeting is also scheduled to...

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Producción orgánica de cultivos andinos (FAO)

publication
Este manual es el producto de la sistematización de los saberes ancestrales que aún se practican en el área de la Unión de Organizaciones Campesinas del Norte de Cotopaxi (Ecuador) y de la revisión de otros valiosos trabajos realizados en los Andes ecuatorianos, donde la FAO, contando con...
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