Food security in mountains


About 40 percent of the mountain population in developing and transition countries, or nearly 300 million people, are estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity. Of these, nearly 90 percent live in rural areas and almost half of those are likely to be chronically hungry.

In  mountain areas across the world,  livelihoods are based on many different sources, including farming, animal husbandry, forestry,  fishing and tourism.  These diversified activities contribute to building resilience and absorbing shocks.

Harsh climates and the difficult, often inaccessible terrain combined with political and social marginality make mountain peoples vulnerable to food shortages. Traditionally, mountain diets were, in general, very balanced, providing all needed nutrients. Due to gloablization and changes in lifestyle, diets are now often limited to starch foods and characterized by low dietary diversity which leads to low levels of micronutrients. Lack of access to basic health services increases the risk of illness, already exacerbated by malnutrition. Infant mortality and maternal mortality rate in mountains are also higher than in the lowlands. Many male mountain dwellersleave mountain areas in search of permanent or seasonable employment. Through remittances they contribute to household economies, which has become an integral part of the livelihood system.

Even though mountains often house freshwater, agrobiodiversity and livestock that can contribute to food security, for millions of people who live in mountain areas, hunger and the threat of hunger is a daily reality. Hunger and malnutrition are not merely a symptom of poverty in mountain communities – they contribute to perpetuate poverty. Policies must foster equitable growth, employment, social protection, infrastructure and investments to ensure that both poverty and hunger in mountains are eradicated.

Mountain course focuses on food security

Mountain course focuses on food security

news

Twenty-four participants from 22 countries on three continents took part in the eighth edition of  the International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas (IPROMO) from 24 June to 3 July 2015. The course was organized by the Mountain Partnership Secretariat, the University of...

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MP member wins sustainability award

MP member wins sustainability award

news

On June 2015, Fundación Cordillera Tropical (FCT) won the 2015 National Energy Globe Award for Ecuador in recognition of its commitment to creating sustainable livelihoods in the southern Ecuadorian Andes. Energy Globe, the world award for sustainability, recognized FCT's program to promote pasture restoration on private land bordering Sangay National Park...

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Linking food security to mountains

Linking food security to mountains

peak to peak

Issue 82 – Month 7 – Year 2015

The July issue of the Peak to Peak opens with a story about the eighth edition of the annual International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain areas (IPROMO) which is focusing on the food security in...

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L’agriculture de montagne est une agriculture familiale

L’agriculture de montagne est une agriculture familiale

publication

L’agriculture de montagne prend des formes aussi variées que les innombrables paysages de montagne du monde, même si elle reste majoritairement le fait d’exploitants familiaux. Historiquement, l’agriculture de montagne était principalement une agriculture de subsistance. Aujourd’hui, les activités des exploitations de montagne sont de plus en plus orientées vers les...

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A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

A Year-long Ascent: Mountain Partnership Secretariat Annual Report

publication

The Mountain Partnership Secretariat (MPS) reflects its key achievements in promoting sustainable mountain development (SMD) in its 2014 annual report. Using mountain climbing as an analogy to facing SMD challenges, the annual report outlines its work in advocacy, communication and knowledge management, promoting International Mountain Day, brokering joint action and...

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Summer course on food security in mountains

Summer course on food security in mountains

peak to peak

Issue 79 – Month 4 – Year 2015

The April issue of Peak to Peak reveals that this year’s International Programme on Research and Training on Sustainable Management of Mountain Areas, or IPROMO course, will focus on food security in mountain areas, and be held in Ormea and...

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